This paper will discuss the notion of juvenile crime and the necessity to reduce it. It will also consider some ways that can help decrease juvenile crimes rate and why those ways are imperative in the community. This paper will discuss the most important sociological beliefs that motivate the medications of shaping the community’s municipal policy for crime prevention. It also acumen about what necessities happen to help juveniles be effective and how to be out of the juvenile justice organization (Boyd & John, 2012).
Juvenile is a person below the age of 18. In case a person committed a deed and was acknowledged to be an adult, he would have been accused of committing a crime (Champion, 2013). Contingent on the type and seriousness of the crime committed, it is possible for persons under age to be accused and judged as adults. Juvenile crimes can array from status crimes varying from violent crimes to possession crimes and immature smoking (Woolard, 2011). Juvenile criminal behaviour can be considered normative teenage behavior, because most adolescents have a tendency to commending non-violent offenses just once or for a series of times.
The processes of reducing juvenile crime at the moment in our community are based on using broad prevention, early intervention, and graduated approvals programs to strengthen families. According to these ideals, the community must identify cause of juvenile crime and then execute a variety of programs and facilities to prevent criminal behavior to occur at an early age. If crimes still occur, the full range of sanctions to neutralize and control the behavior at the earliest point is used (Aaron & Dallaire, 2010). When the society gets to the problem of juvenile crime and criminal behavior from the viewpoints of public safety, liability, care and anxiety for every child, through both prevention and criminal behavior controlling, the community can attain the greatest victory in improving positive youth development and reducing juvenile offense.
Sociological technique is one of the criminal behavior theories in the society; it testifies that children are born well, but pickup to be bad. This theory also states that all people have the prospective to become offenders because current society offers many opportunities for criminal activity, but one have the choice to not get involved. In our community if a child has positive role models at home or in the community, the child will grow and work hard to achieve these goals. This type of theory can reduce the partiality to coddle in behavior recognized as unsociable. They are some types of control that can help prevent juvenile criminal behaviors like direct control, internal control, indirect control and control through needs satisfaction.
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Direct control depends on which punishment is applied for criminal behavior, and submission is rewarded by parents, family, and consultant figures. Internal control is the one by which youth is refrained from criminal behaviors through ethics or sense of judgment while, indirect control is based on empathy with those who influence behavior, because their criminal act could cause pain and dissatisfaction to parents and their close relationships. Control through needs satisfaction, is done when all individual's needs are met and, there is no point in criminal activity (Farrington, 2012).
In conclusion, the development of criminal behaviors in youth is manipulated by various factors, thus the community’s juvenile crimes prevention may be improved by a variety and a combination of preventive efforts. Prevention facilities should include events such as matter abuse education and treatment, family advising, youth mentoring, childcare education, learning support, and youth protection. Just like other communities we should also recommend the increasing accessibility and use of family planning facilities, including education and contraceptives which help reduce unplanned pregnancy and unsolicited births that are risk components for criminal behaviors.
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